The Assyrian conquest of Phoenicia began with King Shalmaneser III, who rose to energy in 858 BCE and began a series of campaigns in opposition to neighboring states. The Phoenician metropolis states fell under his rule over a period of three years, forced to pay heavy tribute in money, goods, and pure assets.
A Lebanon Country Strategy Paper and a National Indicative Program have been adopted by the EU. The assistance supplied was refocused after the Second Lebanon War to be able to interact in real assist for the government and the society in reconstruction and reform of the nation. The index, which is decided by the adult literacy price and the combined major, secondary, and tertiary gross enrollment ratio, ranked the country 88th out of the 177 nations taking part. Football is also one of many more popular sports activities in the country with the Lebanese Premier League, whose most successful golf equipment are the Al-Ansar Club and the Nejmeh SC, with notable gamers being Roda Antar and Youssef Mohamad, the first Arab to captain a European premier league team.
In 2006, an expatriate was sentenced to dying by stoning for committing adultery. In May 2014, an Asian housemaid was sentenced to demise by stoning in Abu Dhabi.
Ottoman Lebanon and French Mandate
The Lebanese Civil War and the Israeli Invasion of Lebanon have affected Lebanon’s economic system tremendously. Since 2008 their economic system has grown about 8 percent but not significantly sufficient as they’re still a rustic highly in debt from warfare. Women in correlation with the economy have been able to participate for the reason that Seventies but they are still underrepresented within the labor drive and are the first to be negatively impacted when the financial system fails. Currently in Lebanon, Article 215 of their Law of Contracts and Obligations permit women and men the identical right to personal and administer property.
The Lebanese Civil War pitted a coalition of Christian teams towards the joint forces of the PLO, left-wing Druze and Muslim militias. Lebanese President Elias Sarkis requested for the Syrian Army to intervene on the aspect of the Christians and help restore peace.
In some international locations solely hudud penalties have been added, whereas others also enacted provisions for qisas (regulation of retaliation) and diya (financial compensation). The criminal codes of Afghanistan and United Arab Emirates comprise a basic provision that certain crimes are to be punished according to Islamic legislation, without specifying the penalties. Laws in the Indonesian province of Aceh present for utility of discretionary (ta’zir) punishments for violation of Islamic norms, however explicitly exclude hudud and qisas. Brunei has been implementing a “Sharia Penal Code”, which includes provisions for stoning and amputation, in stages since 2014. The countries where hudud penalties are legal do not use stoning and amputation routinely, and usually apply different punishments as a substitute.
However, some scholars notice that there’s little evidence Bahrain was occupied through the time when such migration had supposedly taken place. The culture of Lebanon reflects the legacy of various civilizations spanning 1000’s of years.
Malaysian Muslims can be sentenced to caning for such offences as consuming beer, and adultery. Several sharia crimes, corresponding to khalwat (shut proximity of single man and woman) are punishable solely in Sharia courts of Malaysia.
The Amarna letters report that from 1350 to 1300 BCE, neighboring Amorites and Hittites were capturing Phoenician cities, especially within the north. Egypt subsequently misplaced its coastal holdings from Ugarit in northern Syria to Byblos near central Lebanon. The southern Phoenician cities appeared to have remained autonomous, though under Seti I (1306–1290 BCE) Egypt reaffirmed its control. Phoenician civilization was organized in metropolis-states, much like these of historic Greece, of which essentially the most notable had been Tyre, Sidon, Arwad, Berytus, Byblos, and Carthage. Each city-state was politically unbiased, and there is no proof that the Phoenicians viewed themselves as a single nationality.
The main city states have been Sur (Tyre), Sydon (Sidon), and Jbail (modern Byblos, one of many oldest websites of civilization). Throughout Phoenician history, no less than considered one of these cities was politically and economically dominant at any given time. Although they by no means appeared to have joined in a proper confederation, as seen among the Greek city states, informal cooperation appeared common. The Phoenician homeland lacked enough arable land to assist large scale agriculture.
By comparability, English is used as a secondary language in 30% of Lebanon’s secondary colleges. The use of French is a legacy of France’s historic ties to the region, including its League of Nations mandate over Lebanon following World War I; as of 2005[replace], some 20% of the inhabitants used French on a daily basis. The use of Arabic by Lebanon’s educated youth is declining, as they usually favor to speak in French and, to a lesser extent, English, that are seen as more fashionable.
That quantity is quite dismal but paints the perfect picture of what the outlook of women in parliament is. The lack of women libanese women in politics is chalked up the political exclusivity that is bred in Lebanon, constricting societal norms and gender roles.
What about the rest of Lebanon?
After the 7th-century Muslim conquest of the Levant, it was a part of the Rashidun, Umayyad, Abbasid Seljuk and Fatimid empires. The crusader state of the County of Tripoli, founded by Raymond IV of Toulouse in 1102, encompassed most of present-day Lebanon, falling to the Mamluk Sultanate in 1289 and eventually to the Ottoman Empire in 1517.
United Arab Emirates
Different theories have been proposed relating to the function of Allah in Meccan religion. Today nearly all of Arabs are Muslims, identities are sometimes seen as inseparable. The “Verse of brotherhood” is the tenth verse of the Quranic chapter “Al-Hujurat”, is about brotherhood of believers with one another.
Ceremonies to Baal, the god of fertility, included drunken revelry and promiscuity, which might by taboo in more gender stratified societies. In most contexts, nonetheless, women had been anticipated to decorate and behave extra modestly than men; female figures are virtually at all times portrayed as draped from head to feet, with the arms typically lined as well. Phoenician art additionally differed from its contemporaries in its continuance of Bronze Age conventions well into the Iron Age, similar to terracotta masks. Based on modern accounts, Phoenician artisans were recognized for his or her ability with wood, ivory, bronze, and textiles.